Music references

There’s a wealth of research into the effects of music on health. Here are some that show the range of reported effects.

Dr Phil Parker

(Buglione et al., 2020; Calamassi & Pomponi, 2019; Daykin et al., 2018; Dymnikowa, 2016; Hernando-Requejo, 2018; Jordan, 2019; Kalinowska et al., 2013; Pauwels et al., 2014; Shaw & Bodner, 1999; Wei et al., 2020)


Buglione, A., Saccone, G., Mas, M., Raffone, A., Di Meglio, L., di Meglio, L., Toscano, P., Travaglino, A., Zapparella, R., Duval, M., Zullo, F., & Locci, M. (2020). Effect of music on labor and delivery in nulliparous singleton pregnancies: A randomized clinical trial. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 301(3), 693–698.

Calamassi, D., & Pomponi, G. P. (2019). Music Tuned to 440 Hz Versus 432 Hz and the Health Effects: A Double-blind Cross-over Pilot Study. Explore (New York, N.Y.), 15(4), 283–290.

Daykin, N., Mansfield, L., Meads, C., Julier, G., Tomlinson, A., Payne, A., Grigsby Duffy, L., Lane, J., D’Innocenzo, G., Burnett, A., Kay, T., Dolan, P., Testoni, S., & Victor, C. (2018). What works for wellbeing? A systematic review of wellbeing outcomes for music and singing in adults. Perspectives in Public Health, 138(1), 39–46.

Dymnikowa, M. (2016). Physiological aspects of music and longevity. Advances in Gerontology, 6(2), 101–110.

Hernando-Requejo, V. (2018). [Epilepsy, Mozart and his sonata K.448: Is the «Mozart effect» therapeutic?]. Revista De Neurologia, 66(9), 308–314.

Jordan, C. (2019). When I’m 64: A review of instrumental music-making and brain health in later life. Experimental Gerontology, 123, 17–23.

Kalinowska, A., Kułakowska, A., Kułak, W., & Okurowska-Zawada, B. (2013). Effects of classical and heavy metal music on the cardiovascular system and brain activity in healthy students. Preliminary report. Neurol Dziec, 22(44), 17–22.

Pauwels, E. K. J., Volterrani, D., Mariani, G., & Kostkiewics, M. (2014). Mozart, music and medicine. Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre, 23(5), 403–412.

Shaw, G. L., & Bodner, M. (1999). Music Enhances Spatial-Temporal Reasoning: Towards a Neurophysiological Basis Using EEG. Clinical Electroencephalography, 30(4), 151–155.

Wei, T.-T., Tian, X., Zhang, F.-Y., Qiang, W.-M., & Bai, A.-L. (2020). Music interventions for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 28(9), 4031–4041.

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