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Published NLP Research

NLP has a generally positive reputation amongst the general public, which, after a slow start in the 1970s is now increasingly supported by a growing evidence base of peer reviewed published research, which we have collated below:

Arroll, B., & Henwood, S. M. (2017). NLP research, equipoise and reviewer prejudice. Rapport, 54, 24–26.  https://www.achieving-lives.co.uk/files/Files/Provoking%20Debate%2054%20Research%20Bias%2024.pdf

Arroll, B., Henwood, S. M., Sundram, F. I., Kingsford, D. W., Mount, V., Humm, S. P., … Pillai, A. (2017). A brief treatment for fear of heights: A randomized controlled trial of a novel imaginal intervention. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 52(1), 21–33. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091217417703285

Bigley, J., Griffiths, P. D., Prydderch, A., Romanowski, C. A. J., Miles, L., Lidiard, H., & Hoggard, N. (2010). Neurolinguistic programming used to reduce the need for anaesthesia in claustrophobic patients undergoing MRI. The British Journal of Radiology, 83(986), 113–117. https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr/14421796

Biró, G. (2015). Treating Pollen Allergy with NLPt Approach. Presented at the 40th EANLPt Conference.  https://www.nlpt.at/res10.pdf

Crawley, E., Gaunt, D., Garfield, K., Hollingworth, W., Sterne, J., Beasant, L., Collin, S. M., Mills, N., & Montgomery, A. A. (2018). Clinical and cost-effectiveness of the Lightning Process in addition to specialist medical care for paediatric chronic fatigue syndrome: Randomised controlled trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 103, 155–164. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-313375

Derks, L. A. C., Grimley, B., Hollander, J., & de Rijk, L. (2019). The evidence for NLP. International Coaching Psychology Review5-, 14(1), 5–30.https://www.nlp-professional.at/res26.pdf

Doğan, A., & Saritaş, S. (2021). The effects of neuro‐linguistic programming and guided imagery on the pain and comfort after open‐heart surgery. Journal of Cardiac Surgery, jocs.15505. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocs.15505

Genser-Medlitsch, M., & Schütz, P. (1997). Does Neuro-Linguistic psychotherapy have effect? New Results shown in the extramural section. Martina Genser-Medlitsch and Peter Schütz, ÖTZ-NLP, Viennahttps://www.nlpt.at/res9.pdf

Gray, R. M. (2002). Brooklyn Program – Innovative Approaches to Substance Abuse Treatment, The. Federal Probation, 66, 13. Federal Probation Quarterly Vol. 66. no.3. December 2002

Gray, R. M., & Bourke, F. (2015). Remediation of intrusive symptoms of PTSD in fewer than five sessions: a 30-person pre-pilot study of the RTM Protocol. Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health, 1(2), 13-20.  https://jmvfh.utpjournals.press/doi/full/10.3138/jmvfh.2996?select23=&

Gray, R. M., & Liotta, R. F. (2012). PTSD: Extinction, reconsolidation, and the visual-kinesthetic dissociation protocol. Traumatology, 1534765611431835.Traumatology, Vol 18, No 2, 3-16

Grimley, B. N. (2016). What is NLP? The development of a grounded theory of Neuro-Linguistic Programming, (NLP), within an action research journey. Implications for the use of NLP in coaching psychology. International Coaching Psychology Review, 11(2), 166–178.  https://www.achieving-lives.co.uk

Hollander, J., & Malinowski, O. (2016). The Effectiveness of NLP: Interrupted Time Series Analysis of Single Subject – Data for One Session of NLP Coaching –. Journal of Experiential Psychotherapy, 19(4), 41–46. https://jep.ro/images/pdf/cuprins_reviste/76_art_5.pdf

Karunaratne, M. (2010). Neuro-linguistic programming and application in treatment of phobias. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 16(4), 203–207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2010.02.003

Kotera, Y., Sheffield, D., & Van Gordon, W. (2018). The applications of neuro-linguistic programming in organizational settings: A systematic review of psychological outcomes. Human Resource Development Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.21334

Kotera, Y., & Sweet, M. (2019). Comparative evaluation of neuro-linguistic programming. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/03069885.2019.1622075

Kudliskis, V. (2013). Neuro-linguistic programming and altered states: encouraging preparation for learning in the classroom for students with special educational needs. British Journal of Special Education, 40(2), 86–95. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8578.12020

Kudliskis, V., & Burden, R. (2009). Applying ‘what works’ in psychology to enhancing examination success in schools: The potential contribution of NLP. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 4(3), 170–177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2009.09.002

Lin, J.-R. (2020). Effectiveness of neurolinguistic programming in reducing anxiety and phobia. Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents, 34(4). https://doi.org/10.23812/20-151-L

Ojanen, M. (2005). Terapiastako ratkaisu. NLP-perustaisen psykoterapian tuloksellisuustutkimus. PSYKOLOGIA, 40(5/6), 599. https://www.nlpt.at/res5a.pdf

Parker, P., Aston, J., & de Rijk, L. (2020). A Systematic Review of the Evidence Base for the Lightning Process. EXPLORE, S1550830720302330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2020.07.014

Parker, P., Aston, J., & Finch, F. (2018). Understanding the Lightning Process approach to CFS/ME; a review of the disease process and the approach. Journal of Experiential Psychotherapy, 21(2), 8. https://jep.ro/images/pdf/cuprins_reviste/82_art_2__v.pdf

Parker, P., Banbury, S., & Chandler, C. (2020). Efficacy of The Rediscovery Process on Alcohol Use, Impulsivity and Flourishing: A Preliminary Randomised Controlled Study and Preliminary Cohort Study. EJAPP, 4(13). https://www.nationalwellbeingservice.org/volumes/volume-4-2020/volume-4-article-13/

Passmore, J., & Rowson, T. (2019). Neuro-linguistic programming: A review of NLP research and the application of NLP in coaching. 14(1), 14. .https://shop.bps.org.uk/publications/international-coaching-psychology-review-vol-14-no-1-spring-2019.html

Sahebalzamani, M. (2014). Efficacy of neurolinguistic programming training on mental health in nursing and midwifery students. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 19(5), 503–507.Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 2014 Sept-Oct; 19(5): 503-507

Sahi, S., & Määttä, K. (2013). How did an antismoking campaign with a neuro linguistic program work out? A case study of secondary school students’ experiences in one Finnish school. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 22(3), 214–234. https://doi.org/10.1080/1067828X.2012.733588

Sterman, C. M. (1991). Neuro-linguistic programming as psychotherapeutic treatment in working with alcohol and other drug addicted families. Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment, 4(1), 73–85. https://doi.org/10.1300/J034v04n01_06

Stipancic, M., Renner, W., Schütz, P., & Dond, R. (2010). Effects of Neuro-Linguistic Psychotherapy on psychological difficulties and perceived quality of life. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 10(1), 39–49. https://doi.org/10.1080/14733140903225240

Sturt, J., Ali, S., Robertson, W., Metcalfe, D., Grove, A., Bourne, C., & Bridle, C. (2012). Neurolinguistic programming: a systematic review of the effects on health outcomes. The British Journal of General Practice: The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 62(604), e757-764. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp12X658287

Tosey, P., & Mathison, J. (2003). Neuro-linguistic programming and learning theory: a response. Curriculum Journal, 14(3), 371–388. https://www.tandfonline.com

Wake, L., Gray, R. M., & Bourke, F. (2013). The Clinical Effectiveness of Neurolinguistic Programming: A Critical Appraisal. Routledge.

Wake, L., & Leighton, M. (2014). Pilot study using Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP) in post-combat PTSD. Mental Health Review Journal, 19(4), 251–264.https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/MHRJ-08-2014-0026/full/html

Witt, K. (2008). Neuro-linguistic psychotherapy (NLPt) treatment can modulate the reaction in pollen allergic humans and their state of health. International Journal of Psychotherapy, 12(1), 50–60.

Zaharia, C., Reiner, M., & Schütz, P. (2015). Evidence-based neuro linguistic psychotherapy:   A meta-analysis. Psychiatria Danubina, 27(4), 335–363. Psychiatria Danubina 2015, Vol 27, No 4, pp 355-363